The life of an elite athlete means to win it all, you have to have it all: talent, dedication, coaching and nutrition. Success is finely measured in the elite arena. Swimmers don’t shave until a competition in hopes of shearing mere milliseconds off their time. And just like skipping training workouts, poor oral health can be the difference between podium and also-ran.
• The State of Oral health in Olympic Athletes
In the 2012 Olympics, nearly half of the athletes had not seen a dentist in the past year. And a shocking 75% had diseased gums, according to a study from the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Olympian athletes experience dehydration from sweating, refuel with gels and sports drinks and require excessive calories during training —factors experts assume contribute to Olympians’ (poor) oral health.
• Proof from the Past
At the 2012 London Olympics, 1/5 of athletes said their oral health damaged their performance for the games.
The trend is not new. At the 1984 Olympics, Michael Jordan had to sit on the sidelines due to a significant dental issue. A more extreme example happened during the 2008 Games. Alan Campbell, a British rower, had an abscessed tooth in the final months leading up to competition. The infection spread to his knee, forcing him to get surgery and keeping him from training for 6 weeks. After placing fifth in the finals, Campbell admitted his tooth played a role in the disappointing finish: “I certainly would have gone quicker.”
• The Plan for Rio
Since 2004, dentists and volunteers have worked to provide free care to athletes and team officials. The initiative continues at the 2016 Rio Olympics. The clinic will have 8 dental chairs; in addition to X-ray machines, root canal specialists and surgical facilities. The clinic will also provide mouthguards and on-site dentists during competition.
The hope is that athletes return home as Olympians and oral health advocates.